During this five-day, intensive course, you gain the knowledge, skills, and tools to plan and deploy a VMware vSAN cluster. You learn about managing and operating vSAN. This course focuses on building the required skills for common Day-2 vSAN administrator tasks such as vSAN node management, cluster maintenance, security operations, and advanced vSAN cluster operations. You also focus on learning the tools and skills necessary to troubleshoot vSAN 7 implementations and gain practical experience with vSAN troubleshooting concepts through the completion of instructor-led activities and hands-on lab exercises. This course is a combination of the following courses: VMware vSAN: Plan and Deploy, VMware vSAN: Management and Operations, and VMware vSAN: Troubleshooting.


* Actual course outline may vary depending on offering center. Contact your sales representative for more information.

Learning Objectives

By the end of the course, you should be able to meet the following objectives:
Describe vSAN concepts
Detail the underlying vSAN architecture and components
Explain the key features and use cases for vSAN
Identify requirements and planning considerations for vSAN clusters
Describe the different vSAN deployment options
Explain how to configure vSAN fault domains
Detail how to define and create a VM Storage policy
Discuss the impact of vSAN storage policy changes
Describe vSAN storage space efficiency
Explain how vSAN encryption works
Identify requirements to configure vSAN iSCSI target
Detail HCI Mesh technology and architecture
Detail vSAN file service architecture and configuration
Explain the use cases of vSAN Direct
Describe how to setup stretched and two-node vSAN clusters
Explain the importance vSAN node hardware compatibility
Describe the use of VMware vSphere Lifecycle Manager to automate driver and firmware installations
Detail vSAN resilience and data availability
Discuss the vSAN cluster backup methodology
Describe the vSAN maintenance mode and data evacuation options
Define the steps to shut down a vSAN cluster for maintenance
Explain how to use proactive tests to check the integrity of a vSAN cluster
Use VMware Skyline Health™ for monitoring vSAN health
Apply a structured approach to troubleshoot vSAN cluster configuration and operational problems

  • Course Introduction

  • Introductions and course logistics
    Course objectives

  • Introduction to vSAN

  • Describe vSAN architecture
    Describe the vSAN software components- CLOM, DOM, LSOM, CMMDS, and RDT
    Identify vSAN objects and components
    Describe the advantages of object-based storage
    Describe the difference between All-Flash and Hybrid vSAN architecture
    Explain the key features and use cases for vSAN
    Discuss the vSAN integration and compatibility with other VMware technologies

  • Planning a vSAN Cluster

  • Identify requirements and planning considerations for vSAN clusters
    Apply vSAN cluster planning and deployment best practices
    Determine and plan for storage consumption by data growth and failure tolerance
    Design vSAN hosts for operational needs
    Identify vSAN networking features and requirements
    Describe ways of controlling traffic in a vSAN environment
    Recognize best practices for vSAN network configurations

  • Deploying a vSAN Cluster

  • Recognize the importance of hardware compatibility
    Ensure the compatibility of driver and firmware versioning
    Use tools to automate driver validation and installation
    Apply host hardware settings for optimum performance
    Use vSphere Life Cycle Manager to perform upgrades
    Deploy and configure a vSAN Cluster using Cluster Quickstart wizard
    Manually configure a vSAN Cluster using vSphere Client
    Explain and configure vSAN fault domains
    Using vSphere HA with vSAN
    Understand vSAN Cluster maintenance capabilities
    Describe the difference between implicit and explicit fault domains
    Create explicit fault domains

  • vSAN Storage Policies

  • Describe a vSAN Object
    Describe how objects are split into components
    Explain the purpose of witness components
    Explain how vSAN stores large objects
    View object and component placement on the vSAN Datastore
    Explain how storage policies work with vSAN
    Define and create a virtual machine storage policy
    Apply and modify virtual machine storage policies
    Change virtual machine storage policies dynamically
    Identify virtual machine storage policy compliance status

  • vSAN Resilience and Data Availability

  • Describe and configure the Object Repair Timer advanced option
    Plan disk replacement in a vSAN cluster
    Plan maintenance tasks to avoid vSAN object failures
    Recognize the importance of managing snapshot utilization in a vSAN cluster

  • Configuring vSAN Storage Space Efficiency

  • Discuss Deduplication and Compression techniques
    Understand Deduplication and Compression overhead
    Discuss Compression only mode
    Configure Erasure Coding
    Configure swap object Thin Provisioning
    Discuss Reclaiming Storage Space with SCSI UNMAP
    Configure TRIM/UNMAP

  • vSAN Security Operations

  • Identify differences between VM encryption and vSAN encryption
    Perform ongoing operations to maintain data security
    Describe the workflow of Data-in Transit encryption
    Identify the steps involved in replacing Key Management Server

  • Introduction to Advanced vSAN Configurations

  • Identify requirements to configure vSAN iSCSI target
    Detail HCI Mesh technology and architecture
    Detail vSAN File Service architecture and configuration
    Explain the use cases of vSAN Direct

  • vSAN Cluster Maintenance

  • Perform typical vSAN maintenance operations
    Describe vSAN maintenance modes and data evacuation options
    Assess the impact on cluster objects of entering maintenance mode
    Determine the specific data actions required after exiting maintenance mode
    Define the steps to shut down and reboot hosts and vSAN clusters
    Use best practices for boot devices
    Replace vSAN Nodes

  • vSAN Stretched and Two Node Clusters

  • Describe the architecture and uses case for stretched clusters
    Detail the deployment and replacement of a vSAN Witness node
    Describe the architecture and uses case for two-node clusters
    Explain the benefits of vSphere HA and vSphere Site Recovery Manager in a vSAN stretched cluster
    Explain storage policies for vSAN stretched cluster

  • vSAN Cluster Monitoring

  • Describe how the Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP) enables VMware to improve products and services
    Use vSphere Skyline Health for monitoring vSAN Cluster Health
    Manage alerts, alarms, and notifications related to vSAN in vSphere Client
    Create and configure custom alarms to trigger vSAN health issues
    Use IO Insight metrics for monitoring vSAN performance
    Analyse vsantop performance metrics
    Use vSAN Proactive Test to detect and diagnose cluster issues

  • vSAN Troubleshooting Methodology

  • Use a structured approach to solve configuration and operational problems
    Apply troubleshooting methodology to logically diagnose faults and optimize troubleshooting efficiency

  • vSAN Troubleshooting Tools

  • Use Skyline Health for vSAN to identify and correct issues in VMware vSAN
    Discuss the ways to run various command-line tools
    Discuss the ways to access VMware vSphere ESXi Shell
    Use commands to view, configure, and manage your VMware vSphere environment
    Discuss the esxcli vsan namespace commands
    Use log files to help vSAN troubleshooting


Storage and virtual infrastructure consultants, solution architects, and administrators who are responsible for production support and administration of VMware vSAN [v7] will benefit from this course.




Completion of the following course is required: VMware vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage or equivalent knowledge


Length: 5.0 days (40 hours)


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